Puerta del Parian is one of the eight gates to serve as entrances to Intramuros. Built in 1593, it is one
of the earliest entrances and monuments which line Intramuros.
In the present day, the Gates of Intramuros point back to the original gates of the Walled City of
Intramuros during the Spanish Colonial Era. The gates were called Puerta, which is the original
Spanish word for “gate”. Hence, the name Puerta del Parian means “Gate of the Market”, signifying
its crucial role in Philippine history, from the Spanish colonial times to the British occupation is 1762-
1764, as this was the place where many enterprising Chinese traded goods. Most of the trading
during those times heavily relied on the Pasig River, as the river passes very near this gate, making it
a strategic point to carry loads of produce and selling it to merchants all over Manila.
Originally, the gate was named after the “Parian de Arroceros”, which means “Rice Market”. This
was where the earliest concentration of Chinese traders stood. After the destruction of Puerta Real
during the British Invasion In 1764, it became the official entrance of the Governor-General, and this
was where the newly appointed Governor-General received the keys of the city from the Cabildo (a
Spanish colonial administrative council). In 1945, the Parian gate suffered heavy damage from
artillery during the Battle of Manila. Restoration works began in 1967 and was completed in 1982.
Puerta del Parian is also home to an open garden named Revellin del Parian Garden. It’s not just any
ordinary garden, as this garden is dedicated to the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
The garden’s centrepiece is a small plaza which has busts of the five signatories of the Bangkok
Declaration, which paved the way for the establishment of the ASEAN on August 8, 100067. Other
monuments lie in the garden, such as Dr. Jose Rizal, the National Hero of the Philippines, and Ho Chi
Minh, the Father of Modern Vietnam, among others. The garden is decorated with flora which are
native to not only the Philippines, but throughout the Southeast Asian region.