Baguio Mountain Province Museum is a museum in Baguio that showcases the cultural and
historical heritage of the city. Its exhibits tell about the history of the city and relate to the
indigenous group living in the town, specifically the Igorot inhabiting the rugged terrain of the
The museum was established in 1975 between the Governor Pack Road and Harrison Road. In
1990, a terrible earthquake destroyed the building, but it was renovated after ten years to
continue its purpose.
The architecture of the structure is inspired by Ifugao homes. During the construction of the
museum, the workers made use of the stones and woods, featuring an eye-catching pyramid
roof and two large towering poles at the main entrance that look like a traditional Ifugao house
with an uplifted floor supported by posts.
Inside The Museum
Displayed on the main floor of the museum is an extensive collection of tribal artifacts from the
six ethnolinguistic tribes residing in the Cordillera region called Ibaloi, Kankana-ey, Ifugao,
Kalinga, Apayao or Isneg, and the Bontoc.
Miniature dioramas depicting the various communities of the indigenous people are also on
exhibit. One of these is the Kalinga’s Bodong, which is an agreement ceremony between the
tribes of the region for a peaceful living.
Encased inside a handful of glass panels are jars, jewelry, deities, utensils, apparels, fabrics,
and musical instruments. There are also models of different huts of the tribes during the early
days, which are made from wood and thatch.
In addition, burial jars and carved wooden coffins are placed in one corner, one of which has a
real mummy enclosed in it that the museum caretaker would not allow the visitors to take
On the third floor is where you will learn the history of Baguio City. Here, you can see old
photographs and historical annotations of how the Americans discovered Baguio as a land of
pine trees and its development up to its current state. Three architectural models show the city
from an untouched green valley to a civilized place. The first floor, on the other hand, serves as
a venue for special exhibits and events.