At the southern limit of Intramuros is a park and plaza integral to Philippine history.
Independence was officially declared here in 1946, and this is where the patriot José Rizal was executed in 1896, bringing the Philippine Revolution to a head.
The monument at the spot where he was killed was erected in 1913 on the 17th anniversary of his death.
It holds his remains and is guarded day and night by soldiers from the Marine Corps.
At the western end the Quirino Grandstand, with a capacity of 10,000, was set up specifically for the independence proclamation in 1946. Beyond all this historical significance, the park is also a rare open space in the city, a green island against some of the world’s most congested streets.